Watchdog: nuclear warheads still building up in 4 countries

Sep 22, 2017, 00:40
Watchdog: nuclear warheads still building up in 4 countries

Indonesia and dozen countries in the world have signed the Treaty on Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, Wednesday (9/21/2017), at UN Headquarters in NY.

The Philippines has signed the first legally binding worldwide agreement to "comprehensively prohibit" and eventually eliminate nuclear weapons.

Dozens of countries have signed a treaty to ban nuclear weapons amid tensions over North Korea's nuclear and missile tests.

It was passed by the United Nations on July 7, 2017 and for the treaty to come into effect, signature and ratification by a minimum of 50 countries is required.

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At the same time, Mr. Guterres, highlighted the hard road ahead by recalling that there remain some 15,000 nuclear weapons in existence. "Humanity simply can not live under the dark shadow of nuclear warfare", he said, describing the new treaty as a light "illuminating a pathway towards a world without nuclear weapons".

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said as he opened the treaty for signing "because there remain some 15,000 nuclear weapons in existence".

It bans the manufacture, possession and use of nuclear weapons and provides pathways for their eventual elimination.

The treaty may affect other global treaties, such as the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, which recognizes the US, Russia, France, China, and the United Kingdom as the sole nuclear powers.

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Most notably, the USA is expected to spend US$400 billion between 2017 and 2026 on maintaining and comprehensively updating its nuclear forces.

A total of 122 countries had voted in favour of adopting the treaty, while The Netherlands was the only country that voted against it - Singapore abstained. Besieging the effort, however, is the nuclear-armed world.

"Nuclear arms offer a false sense of security", the archbishop said. He called the nuclear ban treaty "wishful thinking" that is "close to irresponsible". In a joint statement released after the treaty's adoption by the conference, the U.S., British, and French governments declared: "We do not intend to sign, ratify, or ever become party to it". So, what has obtained since the Second World War, is a philosophy of mutually-assured destruction, letting the other side know that if they attack you with nuclear weapons, that the result will be 'everybody will go'. Tijjani Bande, said it was sad that "there were countries that still have nuclear weapons and refused to give them up".

But delays in getting eight more countries to ratify the treaty mean that it still has not entered into force. If we want to stop nuclear testing, we need a legally binding instrument.

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Meanwhile, the Russian Foreign Ministry said that Moscow would not ratify the nuclear weapons ban treaty as it runs counter to the country's national interests.