"The Süddeutscher and Stuttgarter Zeitung both reported on Monday that a research group funded by the auto industry giants tested the effects of gas nitrogen dioxide - a component of vehicle exhaust - on " healthy young persons". Co-founding member Robert Bosch GmbH left the group in 2013.
Hans Dieter Poetsch, chairman of the board of directors of Volkswagen, said the tests were âincomprehensibleâ in every way. The unusual study was conducted by the Lovelace Respiratory Research Institute and commissioned by the European Research Group on Environment and Health funded not only by VW, but also by BMW and Daimler.
It reported they were given varying doses over a period of hours at an institute belonging to Aachen University in 2012, with a summary of the report showing no ill effects.
The German government has condemned some of that country's biggest carmakers, over media reports that say humans and monkeys were used in experiments to test the dangers of exhaust fumes.
According to a research scientist, the levels of nitrogen oxide were lower than is acceptable in industrial work places, but the research followed a conclusion by the World Health Organisation that classified diesel emissions as carcinogenic.
Barbara Hendricks, the German environment minister, said what was known about the tests so far was "vile".
She added that "the fact that an entire industry has apparently tried to hide brazen and dubious methods of scientific research makes it even more monstrous", insisting that the auto industry and the scientific community must explain their role.
The EUGT was shut down previous year but the Times said it was part of a "prolonged, well-financed effort to produce academic research that they [German automakers] hoped would influence political debate and preserve tax privileges for diesel fuel".
"We are appalled by the extent of the studies and their implementation", Daimler said yesterday in a statement emailed to Automotive News in the U.S., adding it didn't have any influence over the study and promised an investigation.
One German researcher involved, Prof Ulrich Keil of the University of Münster, said on Monday he felt "shitty in hindsight" at having worked on studies the EUGT used to make the case for "clean" diesel technology.
The experiment was conducted in 2014 and created to defend diesel following allegations the fuel's exhaust fumes cause cancer.
"We apologize for the misconduct and the lack of judgment of individuals", Wolfsburg, Germany-based VW said in a statement. We condemn the experiments in the strongest terms.
German auto manufacturers have been testing the impact of diesel fumes on monkeys by getting them to inhale them in lab conditions.
The 10 monkeys were placed in sealed chambers in front of TVs showing them cartoons, as Volkswagen Beetles drove on a treadmill, and their diesel fumes were pumped into the breathing spaces.
In the meantime, several non-governmental organizations (NGO) including the German Animal Protection League and German Environmental Aid decried the "pointless experiments" and "fake research" of the EUGT.
"If the people who were responsible at the time are still on board, then personnel consequences must be considered", he said.
The study has received condemnation from lawyers and animal activists alike. BMW denied it was involved in the studies.
Volkswagen said the study was never discussed in any management board meetings, after Bild earlier reported that an internal e-mail showed that at least some senior managers were informed about the design of the research.
Given the star-power that this match would feature, it would surely be one of the main events should it come to fruition. I'm on the road with all the other girls, all the men and women who are on the road 270 days a year.
The confrontation ended at an intersection, where McKnight exited his vehicle , approached Gasser's passenger window and was shot. Assistant District Attorney Seth Shute told reporters Gasser faced a possible prison term of up to 40 years when he is sentenced.
Now Louise Turpin's half-brother Billy Lambert claim the couple had planned to have another baby - making them "perfect for TV". David Turpin's mother has defended him to the media, stating that the couple had a " highly respectable family ".
Organisers of the Sochi congress meant to bring together Syrians of all stripes to hammer out a new post-war constitution. The U.N.'s Special Envoy to Syria Staffan de Mistura, did however attend the Sochi congress.
Kelly Clarkson, Sam Smith and more music stars bring white roses to the Grammy Awards in support of the Time's Up movement. Though I can't say much about McCrary, Glover is proving to be one unbelievable artist.
Approximately 300 women are diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer each year in Ireland and over 90 women die from the disease. According to Duska, most people who have been sexually active have been exposed to this virus at some point in their lives.
Kamprad practiced thrift and diligence, and he portrayed those traits as the basis for IKEA's success ". The first Ikea store was opened in 1958 and it became the largest furniture shop in Sweden at the time.
Comedian Chelsea Handler mocked Trump's comment on Twitter , writing, "President Trump has declared he is NOT a feminist ". Mr Trump claimed Mrs May invited him to the United Kingdom twice this year during their meeting at the Swiss ski resort.
Get Out writer and director Jordan Peele landed a Best Director nomination for one of the most talked about movies of the year . John Singleton was the first African American man to be nominated for Best Director , in 1992 for Boyz in the Hood .
This announcement came after the fourth-quarter earning report of Harley-Davidson, which witnessed the downfall in Harley's sales. During Tuesday's earnings call, the company also announced the development of an electric motorcycle called Project LiveWire .
Thankfully, these requirements are account-wide, helping Alliance players unlock the Horde races fairly easily and vice versa. The latest expansion to genre-defining MMORPG World of Warcraft will be released later this Summer, Blizzard has confirmed.
The charity has been working in Afghanistan for more than 40 years, providing support to over 700,000 children. The security forces are clearing the building now. "Attackers entered the compound and the fight is going on".
Thousands of Kilos of Oranges Stolen with a Suzuki Baleno Sedan
However, a robbery report from Carmona law enforcement connected a missing shipment of oranges to the traveling orange family. The patrol pursued the three vehicles on a short chase and was eventually able to stop two of them: a compact auto and a van.
Killer whale learns to mimicing words
A killer whale that can mimic words such as "hello" and " bye bye" is thought to be the first of its kind to copy human speech. A high-pitched and eerie voice uttering the name " Amy " is quite clear in the audio released by the study's researchers.
Iranian women remove their veils in defiant viral protest
The young woman's resistance act coincided with the wave of protests that spread across the country in late December 2017. One woman who was said to have been arrested and was identified as Narguess Hosseini, stood at the same spot as Movahedi.
Mobile phone services suspended in Valley
Barricades were erected by the forces with pedestrian and vehicle movement only allowed after thorough frisking and questioning. Security forces have been deployed in strength at strategic locations in the city to prevent terrorists from moving around.
USA stocks open higher after earnings reports
US stock index futures rose ahead of Wall Street's open Thursday as Caterpillar reported better-than-expected quarterly results. In the energy market, oil prices settled higher, with crude also posting a weekly gain as the weaker dollar underpinned prices.
Two dead and dozens injured as train derails in Italy
At least three people are dead and dozens injured after a train derailed near Milan during rush hour Thursday morning. The broadcaster added that up to 100 people received minor injuries, all of whom are the train's passengers.
Apple smart speaker 'HomePod' available on February 9
The Siri waveform appears on the top to indicate when Siri is engaged, and integrated touch controls also allow easy navigation. Apple customers in France and Germany will be next in line for HomePod , sometime "this spring", according to the company.