Trump Administration Tears Up Treaty In Latest Confrontation With Iran
Oct 04, 2018, 01:43
The UN's top court ordered the United States Wednesday to suspend sanctions on "humanitarian" goods for Iran in a stunning setback for US President Donald Trump.
"As you can see, Article 1 on the Treaty-'There shall be firm and enduring peace and honest friendship between the United States of America and Iran'-hasn't aged very well over the years", remarkedForeign Policy reporter Robbie Gramer.
Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif praised the court ruling on Twitter, calling it "another failure for sanctions-addicted" USA and a "victory for rule of law".
"We're disappointed that the court failed to recognize that it has no jurisdiction to issue any order relating to these sanctions measures with the United States, which is doing its work on Iran to protect its own essential security interests", Pompeo said. Its decisions are binding and can not be appealed, but it has no mechanism to enforce them.
It was signed at a time of close relations between Washington and Tehran, long before the 1979 revolution brought about decades of hostility between the two.
Iran took the U.S. to the ICJ twice; first in 1988 over the downing of Iran Air flight 655 and the killing of all 290 people on board and in 1992 in relations to United States attacks on Iranian oil rigs in 1987 and 1988.
In response to a United Nations court order that the US lift sanctions on Iran, the Trump administration said Wednesday it was terminating a decades-old treaty affirming friendly relations between the two countries.
Iranian Foreign Ministry spokesman Bahram Qasemi said on Monday that the EU's proposed mechanism to pay Tehran the revenues from oil sales was not "an oil for food program".
"They will not recognize the jurisdiction of the ICJ on US foreign policy", said Luciano Zaccara, a researcher specializing in Iranian politics at Qatar University. "Iran is the origin of the current threat to Americans in Iraq", Pompeo said.
"The injunction issued by the International Court of Justice showed once again that it is the US government that is becoming more and more isolated due to its wrong and extremist policies and, as a result, excessive demands from other countries". Last Friday, Pompeo ordered USA diplomats to evacuate the mission and relocate.
Ahead of the decision, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif said that the sanctions were a form of "psychological warfare" aimed at regime change.
While imposing the so-called "provisional measures", the court's president, Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf, stressed that the case will continue and the United States could still challenge the court's jurisdiction.
The friendship treaty, signed in 1955 between the Shah of Iran and the Eisenhower administration, regulates commerce and diplomacy between the two countries. "We can see the hand of the ayatollah and his henchmen supporting these attacks on the United States".
The ICC prosecutes people accused of war atrocities while the ICJ settles disputes between nations. Last month, Trump's national security advisor, John Bolton, denounced the International Criminal Court - a separate and unrelated institution based just a few kilometers (miles) away from the International Court of Justice. The administration is likely to ignore the ruling.
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