Millions of Lives could be saved by tackling Climate Change

Dec 07, 2018, 01:00
Millions of Lives could be saved by tackling Climate Change

Representatives from all countries took pledge at the Paris Agreement to take action against climate change, particularly by reducing their nations' carbon production and stopping global warming below 2 degree Celsius over pre-industrial levels by end of the century.

Overall, it means atmospheric Carbon dioxide concentrations are set to reach an average of 407ppm in 2018, which is 45 per cent above pre-industrial levels, prompting calls for urgent climate action from world leaders at the COP24 summit now taking place in Poland.

Meanwhile, emissions in the USA - which accounts for 15 per cent of the global total - are also set to rise around 2.5 per cent in 2018, following several years in which Carbon dioxide has fallen thanks to an increased reliance on renewables and gas.

Between 2014 and 2016 the amount of atmospheric carbon dioxide had leveled off but by 2017 emissions are on their way back up estimated to have risen 2.7 per cent worldwide
Tackling climate change could save millions of lives, report says

A major step toward meeting goals set by the Paris Agreement would be to reduce emissions from transport, according to the report's lead researcher Corinne Le Quéré, professor of climate change science and policy at the UK's University of East Anglia.

China, India and the European Union are setting the pace.

"Emissions will continue to rise, rhetoric is increasing but ambition is not - we are completely off course", said co-author Glen Peters, research director at the Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research in Oslo. By 2020, India can announce its own fossil-fuel exit strategy and a target date for its peak Carbon dioxide emissions, the study said.

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The report is the second concerning update inside 24 hours, after the International Energy Agency yesterday warned energy-related carbon emissions are set to rise in both industrialised and developing economies this year. "Efforts to decarbonise need to be expanded throughout the economy".

While the largest changes this year came from China and India, Democrats are urging the United States to play their part in decreasing emissions. The report noted that global carbon emissions would need to fall 50 percent by 2030 and reach net zero by 2050. After years of declines, emissions are projected to have increased approximately 2.5 percent this year. But the Communist Party needs unceasing economic growth to safeguard its legitimacy - so, it allowed its coal plants to increase production in 2018, for the sake of supporting (yet another) multi-trillion-dollar construction stimulus. "There is still a long way ahead in terms of pollution control and emissions reduction, but we expect to see more ambitions in central government's plans and actions, " he said.

"While there has been positive progress on clean energy and electric vehicles, this is now too small to impact the onward march of fossil fuels".

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The U.N. chief chided countries, particularly those most responsible for greenhouse gas emissions, for failing to do enough to meet the goals of the Paris climate accord. At the same time, the price of electricity from renewable sources has plummeted. "That could mean a lot more oil consumption, a lot more natural gas consumption".

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